potassium-chloride0.jpg potassium-chloride0.jpg

Potassium chloride

CAS Registry Number (CASRN):

7447-40-7 ,

Units of original limits:

mg/m3 ,

Conc dep:

Y ,

name:

Potassium chloride ,

formula:

ClK ,

CAS Registry Number (CASRN):

7447-40-7 ,

SAX Number:

PLA500 ,

Units of original limits:

mg/m3 ,

Conc dep:

Y ,

p to m:

3.04696 ,

HR:

3 ,

specific gravity:

1.987 ,

state at 25 °C:

S ,

Molar mass (g/mol):

74.55 ,

Melting point (°C):

771 ,

comment

Potassium chloride

Potassium chloride is a white crystal or crystalline powder composed of Potassium and chloride used in FOOD,FERTILIZERS and EXPLOSIVES. Potassium is a mineral that is found in many foods and is needed for several functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart.

Potassium chloride is used to prevent or to treat low blood levels of potassium (hypokalemia). Potassium levels can be low as a result of a disease or from taking certain medicines, or after a prolonged illness with diarrhea or vomiting.Potassium chloride may also be used for other purposes medication.

The majority of the potassium chloride produced is used for making fertilizer, since the growth of many plants is limited by their potassium intake. As a chemical feedstock, it is used for the manufacture of potassium hydroxide and potassium metal. It is also used in medicine, lethal injections, scientific applications, food processing, and as a sodium-free substitute for table salt for persons concerned about the health effects of sodium.

Potassium chloride is extracted from minerals sylvite, carnallite, and potash. It is also extracted from salt water and can be manufactured by crystallization from solution, flotation or electrostatic separation from suitable minerals.

Some cardiac surgery procedures cannot be carried out on the beating heart. For these procedures, the surgical team will bypass the heart with a heart-lung machine and inject potassium chloride into the heart muscle to stop the heartbeat.

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