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Glycerine (mist); (Glycerol, glycerin)

CAS Registry Number (CASRN):

۵۶-۸۱-۵ ,

Units of original limits:

mg/m3 ,

Conc dep:

Y ,

name:

Glycerine (mist); (Glycerol, glycerin) ,

formula:

C۳H۸O۳ ,

CAS Registry Number (CASRN):

۵۶-۸۱-۵ ,

SAX Number:

PDC6A3C0OX ,

Units of original limits:

mg/m3 ,

Conc dep:

Y ,

p to m:

3.76466 ,

HR:

3 ,

Vapor Pressure:

500.0025 ,

specific gravity:

1.26 ,

state at 25 °C:

L ,

Molar mass (g/mol):

۹۲٫۰۹ ,

Density (g/cm3):

1.261 ,

Melting point (°C):

17.8 ,

Boiling point (°C):

290 ,

Acidity (pKa):

1.4746 ,

comment

Glycerin

Uses

This medication is used as a moisturizer to treat or prevent dry, rough, scaly, itchy skin and minor skin irritations (e.g., diaper rash, skin burns from radiation therapy). Emollients are substances that soften and moisturize the skin and decrease itchingand flaking. Some products (e.g., zinc oxide, white petrolatum) are used mostly to protect the skin against irritation (e.g., from wetness).

Dry skin is caused by a loss of water in the upper layer of the skin. Emollients/moisturizers work by forming an oily layer on the top of the skin that traps water in the skin. Petrolatum, lanolin, mineral oil and dimethicone are common emollients. Humectants, including glycerin, lecithin, and propylene glycol, draw water into the outer layer of skin. Many products also have ingredients that soften the horny substance (keratin) that holds the top layer of skin cells together (e.g., urea, alpha hydroxy acids such as lactic/citric/glycolic acid, and allantoin). This helps the dead skin cells fall off, helps the skin keep in more water, and leaves the skin feeling smoother and softer.

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